COVID-19 coronavirus: Controlled border frequently asked questions

Guidance
Find answers to your questions about the WA controlled border.

Changes to hotel quarantine have come into effect for double dose vaccinated travellers who test negative to COVID-19.

 

Controlled border arrangement

Effective 12.01am Sunday, 9 January 2022, the Northern Territory will transition to the ‘high risk’ category under WA’s controlled border arrangement. Information with ‘high risk’ category frequently asked questions is being updated.

The controlled border arrangement provides a system for safe travel into WA from interstate.

Under this arrangement, Australian states and territories are categorised as either very low risk, low risk, medium risk, high risk or extreme risk based on the latest public health advice. These categories determine whether travellers can enter WA and their conditions of entry.

The Chief Health Officer continues to closely monitor community transmission in other jurisdictions and advises whether they need to be reclassified under the controlled border arrangement.

Each risk category is outlined in more detail on the Controlled border page.

All travellers, regardless of where they are travelling from, must complete a G2G Pass before travelling.

If you are travelling from a medium, high or extreme risk jurisdiction, you will not be permitted to enter WA, unless you are an approved traveller.

Everyone arriving into WA from overseas or interstate, including returning WA residents, must complete a G2G Pass online application.

If the jurisdiction you are travelling from is reclassified, your conditions of entry into WA will change. You will be advised of any changes through SMS messaging and email, via the contact details you provided in your G2G Pass application.

Who is classified as an approved traveller?

The controlled border arrangement does not allow travellers to enter WA if they are an indirect international arrival or travelling from medium, high or extreme risk jurisdictions, unless they are approved travellers. Strict conditions of entry apply to those travellers. Exemption categories may be tightened depending on the COVID-19 situation in medium, high or extreme risk jurisdictions.

Approved travellers from medium risk jurisdictions:

Approved travellers include:

  • certain senior Government officials
  • certain active military personnel
  • a member of the Commonwealth Parliament
  • a person carrying out functions under a law of the Commonwealth
  • a specialist or category of specialist required for the performance of time critical services where the specialist's skills are not otherwise reasonably available in Western Australia who is approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or an authorised officer; or
  • any person or category of persons who has been approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or an authorised officer.

People who enter Western Australia from a medium risk jurisdiction must also meet the following additional requirements:

  • You must provide proof of being double dose vaccinated against COVID-19, if eligible.

WA residents returning home from medium risk jurisdictions may be eligible for an approval on compassionate grounds. These people should apply for this approval when they submit a G2G Pass application to travel to WA.

Approved travellers from high risk jurisdictions:

Approved travellers include:

  • certain senior Government officials
  • certain active military personnel
  • a member of the Commonwealth Parliament
  • a person carrying out functions under a law of the Commonwealth
  • a specialist or category of specialist required for the performance of time critical services where the specialist's skills are not otherwise reasonably available in Western Australia who is approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or an authorised officer; or
  • any person or category of persons who has been approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or an authorised officer.

People who enter Western Australia from a high risk jurisdiction must also meet the following additional requirements:

  • You must provide proof of being double dose vaccinated against COVID-19, if eligible.
  • download the G2G Now app to a suitable device which will be accessible to that person while they remain in quarantine, unless they are an exempt child.

Compassionate guidelines ensure that people who recently left WA, and have roots in WA and a legitimate right to return, are offered a pathway to return, subject to the relevant quarantine conditions and required evidence.

The State Emergency Coordinator and authorised officers will assess each G2G Pass application on a case by case basis, after consideration of all circumstances – including the public health risks.

Travellers from extreme risk jurisdictions:

People who can enter Western Australia from an extreme risk jurisdiction include:

  • certain senior Government officials
  • certain active military personnel
  • a member of the Commonwealth Parliament
  • a person carrying out functions under a law of the Commonwealth
  • skilled specialists required to perform time-critical services, who are specifically approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or Chief Health Officer or who belong to a specified class of specialist worker that been approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or the Chief Health Officer.

People who enter Western Australia from an extreme risk jurisdiction must also meet the following additional requirements:

  • You must provide proof of being double dose vaccinated against COVID-19, if eligible.
  • download the G2G Now app to a suitable device which will be accessible to that person while they remain in quarantine, unless they are an exempt child.

Approved indirect international arrivals:

Approved travellers include:

  • certain senior Government officials
  • certain active military personnel
  • a member of the Commonwealth Parliament
  • a person carrying out functions under a law of the Commonwealth
  • a specialist or category of specialist required for the performance of time-critical services where the specialist's skills are not otherwise reasonably available in Western Australia who is approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or an authorised officer; or
  • any person or category of persons who has been approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or an authorised officer.

People who are indirect international arrivals and enter Western Australia must also meet the following additional requirements:

  • You must provide proof of being double dose vaccinated against COVID-19, if eligible.

G2G Pass applications that adequately demonstrate extremely extenuating circumstances with sufficient evidence may be considered for approval.

The State Emergency Coordinator and authorised officers will assess each G2G Pass application on a case by case basis, after consideration of all circumstances – including the public health risks.

What happens if someone is caught lying on their declaration form?

Failure to follow lawful directions under the Emergency Management Act 2005, including those directions that implement the controlled border arrangements, may be enforceable by law. Penalties range from a $1,000 infringement to a fine of up to $50,000 for individuals.

WA residents

If I am a WA resident and have been in contact with someone who has been in or transited through medium or high risk jurisdictions, am I required to self-quarantine and get tested?

If you are well and do not have symptoms of COVID-19, you do not need to get tested, even if you have been in direct contact with people from medium or high risk jurisdictions. If you develop symptoms of COVID-19, you should immediately present for COVID-19 testing and self-quarantine until a negative test result is received.

However, if someone who has travelled from a high risk jurisdiction is staying in the same suitable premises as you for self–quarantine and you are a household contact, you are required to undergo the same self-quarantine conditions as that traveller.

If you are notified that you are a close contact of a person who has tested positive for COVID-19, you will be directed to self-quarantine at a suitable premises for 14 days since your last contact with the positive case.

I’m a WA resident and have had family/friends stay with me who have recently travelled from a medium risk jurisdiction. Can I go to work?

Yes. Unless otherwise advised, other household members not subject to self-quarantine directions can go about their normal routine, including going to work (this includes health care workers).

People in quarantine should practise physical distancing and stay in a separate part of the house. You must have your own bedroom and use a separate bathroom if you can.

See the ‘What is self-isolation and self-quarantine’ tab on the Healthy WA page (external link) for more information.

I’m a WA resident and have had family/friends stay with me who have recently travelled from a high risk jurisdiction, or have someone from a high risk jurisdiction coming to quarantine at my suitable premises. Can I go to work?

No. If someone from a high risk jurisdiction enters a suitable premises for quarantine, any other occupants in that premises are deemed a household contact. They will also be required to abide by the same requirements as the returned traveller, including quarantine for 14 days and presenting for COVID-19 testing on day 12. They must also call 13 COVID (13 26843) to provide their details as a household contact and advise they are subject to the requirements.

Household contacts will also be required to use the G2G Now app.

If you have a valid reason for not using the app, you may apply to an authorised officer to consider an exemption from this requirement. Call 13 COVID and state you cannot use the app. If granted, you will be subject to physical checking by Police.

Travel to remote communities and around regional WA

Is travel permitted to remote Aboriginal communities?

To help keep remote Aboriginal communities safe from COVID-19, there are strict travel restrictions in place to protect the health and wellbeing of those residents.

For more information, visit the Remote Aboriginal communities travel page.

I’ll be travelling into WA in my caravan. What do I have to do at the WA border?

You must apply for a G2G Pass before you enter WA. This is required by all travellers entering WA, by both air and land. This registration will require you to declare which jurisdictions you have been in during the previous 14 days.

You will be met at the WA border checkpoint and will be subject to a health screening. For more information, see the Health section of this page.

If you have been in a medium, high or extreme risk jurisdiction in the previous 14 days, you will not be permitted entry into WA, unless you are:

  • an approved traveller in the case of people entering WA from a medium or high risk jurisdiction, or
  • a government official extreme risk traveller or skilled specialist approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or the Chief Health Officer in the case of people travelling from an extreme risk jurisdiction.

You can apply for approval to enter WA through your G2G Pass.

If you have only been in a low risk jurisdiction in the previous 14 days (and not a medium, high or extreme risk jurisdiction at any time during the 14‑day period), you will be required to self-quarantine for 14 days, and present for a COVID test within 48 hours and on day 12 (if you are still in WA). Your G2G Pass and entry requirements will be reviewed by WA Police upon arrival at the border.

In most circumstances, a caravan is not considered a suitable place for quarantine. Shared communal bathroom facilities are strictly not permitted.

Entry to Western Australia by road

All travellers entering Western Australia by road from low, medium, high and/or extreme risk jurisdictions must only enter via the Kununurra and Eucla border checkpoints, unless otherwise approved in writing by the State Emergency Coordinator or another authorised person.

Visit the Controlled Border page to view the current risk levels and conditions of entry for each jurisdiction.

Entry via the Eucla border checkpoint

If you are entering WA through the border checkpoint at Eucla and have been in a low, medium, high and/or extreme risk jurisdiction within the previous 14 days, you must nominate a suitable premises where you will complete your quarantine period.

If you are travelling from a low and/or medium risk jurisdiction, you are permitted to have an overnight stop in order to reach your suitable premises.

If you are travelling from a medium risk jurisdiction, you must not travel more than 1,500 kilometres from your point of entry to your suitable premises (including one overnight stop, if required).

Approved travellers who have been in high or extreme risk jurisdictions within the 14 days before entering WA, are not permitted to enter via the Eucla checkpoint unless their suitable premises is within 200 kilometres of the border checkpoint. Overnight stays on the way to the suitable premises are not permitted.

Travellers must notify their accommodation provider in advance that they are subject to quarantine requirements and ensure the accommodation provider is willing to accept them.

See the Health section of this page for more information about suitable premises.

Entry via Kununurra border checkpoint

If you are entering WA through the border checkpoint at Kununurra, other than as a very low risk traveller, you cannot enter without evidence of suitable premises for quarantine.

FIFO workers

I am a fly-in-fly-out (FIFO) worker but live in, or travel to, a medium, high or extreme risk jurisdiction. Am I approved to travel to WA?

FIFO workers from medium risk and high risk jurisdictions are not allowed into WA unless they are a specialist required for the performance of time critical services where the specialist’s skills are not otherwise reasonably available in WA or unless they are otherwise approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or a person authorised by the State Emergency Coordinator.

FIFO workers from extreme risk jurisdictions are not allowed into WA unless they are granted approval from the State Emergency Coordinator or the Chief Health Officer.

New Zealand travellers

What is the travel arrangement with New Zealand?

The travel arrangements between Australia and New Zealand are managed by the Australian Government.

Please see the Department of Home Affairs website (external link) for more information.

Self-quarantine

What is a suitable premises for self-quarantine?

A suitable premises is a location where you and those travelling with you can live for up to 14 days without putting others at risk.

This means:

  • the person quarantining there has access to their own bedroom, and preferably their own bathroom, without the need to share them with any other person who is not also quarantining there
  • if the person is required to present for testing, they are close enough to a place where testing can occur in accordance with a direction to enable the person to comply with that direction
  • food and medication can be delivered as required without the need to come into contact with the person quarantining there.

You may not be granted entry to the state if you do not have a suitable self-quarantine address available.

See more information about self-quarantine on the Healthy WA website (external link).

If I am self-quarantining, am I permitted to leave the premises at all during this time?

You are only allowed to leave in the case of an emergency and for the purposes of complying with a presentation for testing direction, or any other direction.

If you need to relocate from your registered self-quarantine address due to an emergency (such as a bushfire, flood or similar) you must update your self-quarantine address by calling WA Police on 131 444 and advising that you are subject to self-quarantine and need to change address.

If I am in self-quarantine, am I still required to present for testing?

Yes. Attending a COVID clinic for testing required under a direction applicable to you is considered a valid reason to leave your quarantine address.

You must wear a mask when leaving your self-quarantine premises to present for your test.

You must only travel by private vehicle, taxi or rideshare service to a testing clinic. Do not use public transport to travel, such as a bus or train. You may also walk to a COVID Clinic if it is within 2km of the suitable premises, provided you keep 1.5m away from other people.

I am in self-quarantine. Do I need to stay in quarantine for 14 days if the jurisdiction I travelled from transitions from low to very low risk? Do I still need to get a day 12 test?

WA Police will advise you when you can leave quarantine with a notification via the G2G Now app.

You should still get tested for COVID-19 during and/or after quarantine if you experience any COVID-related symptoms.

Can I leave self-quarantine to get a COVID-19 vaccination?

No. If you have an appointment for a COVID-19 vaccination you should reschedule it to a date after you have completed your self-quarantine.

Are there penalties if I breach self-quarantine requirements?

Yes. WA remains in a State of Emergency, and failure to comply with a direction is punishable by fines of up to $50,000 for individuals and $250,000 for businesses. Police officers also have the power to issue $1,000 infringements.

International arrivals

I am a vaccinated Australian citizen planning to travel overseas after 1 November 2021. Will I be able to re-enter WA when I return?

International arrivals are required to quarantine on return to WA at their own expense. You are considered to be an international arrival if you have been overseas in the past 14 days. There is still a cap on the number of arrivals to WA from overseas and this may impact your ability to secure flights back to WA. When deciding to leave Australia consider if you have the resources to pay for an extended delay in your travel plans if you are not able to return at the time you intend.

If you plan to return to Australia via another Australian state or territory you should keep up to date with the latest border controls. You may be required to quarantine in other states and territories. Border controls between WA and other states and territories can change rapidly on the basis of updated health advice. You will need to comply with requirements under the Controlled Border for WA, which may include approval to enter, vaccination, testing and quarantine. For more information please visit the Controlled border page.

Remember that all people arriving into WA from overseas or interstate, including returning WA residents, must complete a G2G Pass.

Note: unvaccinated Australians still need to apply for an exemption to leave Australia. More information is available on the Department of Home Affairs website (external link).

What are the quarantine requirements for international arrivals travelling via another state or territory?

If you travel from outside of Australia to another Australian state or territory (including in transit), you will not be permitted to enter WA within 14 days of arriving in Australia unless you are an approved traveller who meets the relevant conditions of entry. 

If you are approved to enter WA within 14 days of arrival in another state you will be required to complete 14 days of hotel quarantine upon arrival in WA at a government approved facility at your own expense.

If you spend 14 days in other Australian states or territories prior to entering WA, you will be subject to the conditions of entry of the states you have travelled from or through.

For more information about entry to WA, visit the Controlled border page.

What testing requirements are in place for international arrivals in hotel quarantine?

All international arrivals directly into WA must quarantine in a hotel for 14 days at their own expense. They will be subject to mandatory COVID-19 tests on the day following their arrival in WA, on day 5 and 13 of quarantine.

Once travellers have left quarantine, they will be subject to COVID-19 testing on day 17 and 21 after their arrival in WA.

Do I need to self-isolate while I wait for test results for my day 17 and 21 testing?

No, you are not required to self-isolate while you wait for results from these tests, unless you have symptoms, as your risk of being infected is very low.

Do unaccompanied minors have to undertake hotel quarantine?

Unaccompanied minors (under 18 years) arriving from overseas are subject to hotel quarantine (centre direction) and arrangements must be made to have a responsible adult enter the quarantine centre in company with the child. The responsible adult and the minor (under 18) will be subject to undertake hotel quarantine.

When a parent/responsible adult enters the quarantine centre with the minor – a Children Requirement Direction must be issued to the responsible adult to accompany the child into the quarantine centre to be their carer for the duration of the quarantine period.

In the event the child is arriving from interstate and is required to enter 14 days of self-quarantine, the unaccompanied child can be collected from the airport by a responsible adult – who will be issued a Children Requirement Direction, which means the adult must self-quarantine in a suitable premises for 14 days and abide by any Presentation for Testing Directions provided.

For more information, see FAQs for carers entering hotel quarantine (PDF) (external link).

Health

What is involved in a health screening at the Perth Airport?

A health screening at Perth Airport involves a series of questions related to symptoms of COVID-19 and a temperature check.

What is involved in a health screening when arriving by land?

A health screening when arriving by land involves a series of questions related to symptoms of COVID-19.

I have arrived at Perth Airport from interstate and don’t have any symptoms. Can I choose to get a COVID-19 test?

Yes. All interstate arrivals at Perth Airport can voluntarily undertake a COVID-19 test at the Perth Airport COVID clinic.

Where can I get tested?

A list of the COVID-19 test locations (external link) is available.

Masks

Do I need to wear a mask if I am travelling into WA?

All travellers arriving into WA by air need to wear a mask on the flight while in WA airspace and while inside the airport.

If you have been directed to quarantine, you must wear a mask and practise physical distancing while transiting to the quarantine location and when you attend a COVID clinic for testing.

For more information, see Face masks - Frequently asked questions.

What type of mask is acceptable?

You must wear a disposable surgical mask or a fitted cloth mask that covers the nose and mouth (but does not include a face shield).

For more information about masks and best practices, see Face masks (external link).

Entry from extreme risk jurisdictions (ACT, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, NT)

Travel from these jurisdictions will no longer be permitted, unless you are an approved traveller. Jurisdictions currently at extreme risk are:

  • Australian Capital Territory
  • New South Wales
  • Queensland
  • South Australia
  • Tasmania
  • Victoria
  • Northern Territory

Anyone who has recently arrived from these jurisdictions before they transitioned to ‘extreme risk’ should continue to comply with their existing Directions, under the ‘high risk’ settings provided to them upon entry to the state.

Recent arrivals into WA should monitor the latest COVID-19 exposure sites reported by that jurisdiction. If any arrivals have been to an exposure site, they should contact 13 COVID (13 26843) immediately.

Transport, freight and logistics drivers who enter WA by road must comply with the Transport, Freight and Logistics Directions (No 9). For more information about what this means, visit the Transport, freight and logistics workers page.

Who is an approved traveller from an extreme risk jurisdiction coming into Western Australia?

Under this category, approved travellers are restricted to:

  • Commonwealth and State officials
  • Members of Parliament and Diplomats
  • time critical specialists whose skills are not otherwise available in WA and those with extraordinary circumstances approved by the State Emergency Coordinator or Chief Health Officer.
  • People with exceptional compassionate circumstances

Approved travellers are required to:

  • provide proof of being double dose vaccinated, where eligible
  • undergo COVID-19 testing on days 1, 5 and 13, as instructed in the quarantine hotel
  • undertake mandatory hotel quarantine at a State quarantine facility for 14 days at their expense.

What is a specialist function and who is an approved traveller performing a specialist function?

A specialist function relates to a person with a specialised skillset that cannot be obtained in WA and is needed for time critical services as determined by the State Emergency Coordinator or the Chief Health Officer.

Approved travellers in this category are assessed on a case by case basis.

Can I enter WA for compassionate reasons?

Under the extreme risk category and based on public health advice, there are very limited circumstances in which someone may be granted entry to WA for compassionate reasons. These will be assessed on a case-by-case basis by the State Emergency Coordinator or Chief Health Officer, or someone authorised by them.

This is a difficult situation for people separated from their loved ones, but given the worsening situation in other jurisdictions, WA’s border controls are more important than ever in keeping Western Australians safe. These decisions will be made based on the health advice at the time. 

Visit the Think Mental Health website (external link) for information, tips and resources on looking after yourself during the COVID-19 pandemic.

How do I show proof of my COVID-19 vaccination?

You can upload screenshots or documents of your vaccination information to your G2G Pass application.

Ensure you allow enough time for your results to be processed before travelling to WA.

You can also get an immunisation history statement or a COVID-19 digital certificate to show proof of your vaccinations, which can be uploaded as part of your G2G Pass application.

See the Proof of COVID-19 vaccinations page for more information.

What if I can’t receive a COVID-19 vaccine for health reasons? Can I still enter WA?

If you can’t get any of the approved COVID-19 vaccines for medical reasons, this will be recorded on your immunisation history statement and COVID-19 digital certificate.

Approved travellers with approved medical exemptions will be permitted to enter WA.

Visit Services Australia ‘Immunisation medical exemptions’ page for more information.

Can I apply for an exemption from 14 days of quarantine?

No.

Can I choose which hotel I will be sent to for my quarantine period?

No. You cannot choose which hotel you will be quarantining at. This is due to operational factors and various capacity limits at each hotel.

Can I have visitors at my hotel?

No. You must remain in quarantine in your room throughout your entire quarantine period to protect others.

How do I pay for my hotel quarantine period?

Find out more information about payment plans and quarantine fees by visiting COVID-19 coronavirus: Paying for hotel quarantine in WA frequently asked questions.

Does transiting through an extreme risk jurisdiction airport (even if I don’t leave the airport) count as being in an extreme risk jurisdiction?

Yes, transiting through an extreme risk jurisdiction airport is considered as having been in being in an extreme risk jurisdiction.

Page reviewed 13 January 2022