Innovative clay trial improves estuary water quality

An innovative new trial is helping to improve water quality in the Peel-Harvey estuary catchment by reducing the nutrients that fuel algal growth.
  • Healthy Estuaries WA trial helping to reduce algal blooms in the Peel-Harvey estuary catchment
  • Innovative clay-based treatment improves water quality by locking up excess phosphorus, which can fuel potentially harmful algae
  • Early results show the clay successfully reduces phosphorus concentrations in the treated water by up to 95 per cent

An innovative new trial is helping to improve water quality in the Peel-Harvey estuary catchment by reducing the nutrients that fuel algal growth.

Scientists from Healthy Estuaries WA have applied a specially manufactured clay-based treatment to a drain in the catchment of the Peel-Harvey estuary (Bindjareb Djilba). The clay successfully bound up to 95 per cent of phosphorus at the treatment site, preventing it from fuelling algal growth in the downstream waterways.

Many of our waterways like the Serpentine River (Waangaamaap Bilya) can receive excess phosphorus from fertiliser use in their catchment, potentially causing algal growth that can lead to fish kills and adverse human health impacts.

The Department of Water and Environmental Regulation (DWER) has been working on a novel clay known as Hydrotalcite clay, or HT-clay. It is made from a natural bentonite clay modified with hydrotalcite: a phosphorus binding mineral. The manufacturing process involves mixing several raw ingredients together, causing chemical reactions where the clay becomes coated in the phosphorus binding material.

The application of the clay to reduce phosphorus concentrations in the waterways complements ongoing work through Healthy Estuaries WA in the catchment. This work with farmers is reducing the amount of fertiliser applied to farms, preventing loss of further nutrients to the waterways.

The clay production and distribution have been funded by the State Government's Bindjareb Djilba Protection Plan and Healthy Estuaries WA program.

Healthy Estuaries WA is a $25 million State Government commitment, which focuses on improving the health of Peel-Harvey estuary, Leschenault Estuary, Vasse-Geographe waterways, Hardy Inlet, Wilson Inlet, Torbay Inlet and Oyster Harbour.

The Healthy Estuaries WA program uses the latest science to monitor and manage our precious waterways, alongside successful collaborative projects involving community, scientists, farmers, government and industry. For further updates on important Healthy Estuaries work underway, visit

Comments attributed to Water Minister Simone McGurk:

"The phosphorus binding clay is a Western Australian invention and demonstrates the innovative new approaches our State Government is taking to look after the health of our precious waterways.

"The groundbreaking research in the Peel-Harvey estuary complements the important work Healthy Estuaries WA is doing to reduce the amount of fertiliser applied to farms.

"While there is much work happening in the catchment to reduce nutrient inputs for the future, this is showing promising signs of how to address the high levels of nutrients that are polluting some of our waterways right now."

Comments attributed to Mandurah MLA David Templeman:

"We know the Peel-Harvey estuary (Bindjareb Djilba) is the heart of our community in Mandurah, and we need to address water quality issues so that our waterways can continue to be the lifeblood of our community for generations to come.

"This trial demonstrates that there are many tools available to us to improve water quality, and we need to make use of them all to achieve significant nutrient reductions for the Peel-Harvey estuary."

Comments attributed to Dawesville MLA Lisa Munday:

"Our precious waterways are so important for the region and that's why it's vital we do everything we can to safeguard them and keep them healthy.

"It's fantastic to see the team at Healthy Estuaries WA putting innovation into action and achieving promising results."