Murujuga (which means ‘hip bone sticking out’ in the Ngarluma-Yaburara language) comprises the Burrup Peninsula and the Dampier Archipelago, 1,300 km north of Perth, Western Australia. The Government of Western Australia recognises Murujuga as a unique ecological and archaeological area containing one of the largest collections of Aboriginal engraved rock art in the world.
Murujuga is also home to industry that contributes to the local, state and national economy and employment. Concerns the rock art could be damaged by industrial air emissions have led to several independent scientific studies and rock art monitoring initiatives since the mid-2000s.
Partnership with Murujuga Aboriginal Corporation
The Department of Water and Environmental Regulation (the department) is committed to the ongoing protection of Murujuga's rock art by working in partnership with the Murujuga Aboriginal Corporation (MAC), representing the Traditional Custodians of Murujuga.
Murujuga Rock Art Strategy
The purpose of the Murujuga Rock Art Strategy is to protect the Aboriginal rock art by providing a long-term framework that builds on previous work to deliver an improved approach to monitoring, analysis and management.
The Murujuga Rock Art Strategy will be reviewed at least every five years. This will ensure it remains current, supports appropriate governance arrangements, and the best scientific knowledge and management practices are used to protect the rock art.
The department has primary responsibility for the day-to-day implementation of the strategy in partnership with MAC. This includes working with MAC to oversee the development and implementation of a world’s best practice monitoring and analysis program that will determine whether the rock art on Murujuga is subject to accelerated change.
The scope of this strategy is to:
- establish an Environmental Quality Management Framework, including the derivation and implementation of environmental quality criteria
- develop and implement a robust program of monitoring and analysis to determine whether change is occurring to the rock art on Murujuga
- identify and commission scientific studies to support the implementation of the monitoring and analysis program and management
- establish governance arrangements to ensure that:
- monitoring, analysis and reporting are undertaken in such a way as to provide confidence to Traditional Owners, the community, industry scientists and other stakeholders about the integrity, robustness, repeatability and reliability of the monitoring data and results
- government is provided with accurate and appropriate recommendations regarding the protection of the rock art, consistent with legislative responsibilities
- develop and implement a communication strategy in consultation with stakeholders.
The Consultation Summary Report summarises the comments received on the draft strategy. The consultation ran from September 2017 to May 2018. There were 27 written submissions received.
Monitoring ProgramShow more
A best practice monitoring and analysis program is being developed to provide reliable information on changes and trends in the condition of the rock art and whether the rock art is showing signs of accelerated change. This will guide management and protection of the rock art.
The monitoring program is overseen by the department and MAC, in consultation with national and international subject matter experts, a panel of independent peer reviewers and stakeholders.
MAC have developed the Murujuga Research Protocols as a set of governing principles and guidelines to ensure research is conducted in a respectful and culturally appropriate manner.
The monitoring program will be implemented over five years, in a staged approach, and includes capacity building and training for Murujuga Rangers on monitoring and analysis techniques. Reports produced as part of the monitoring program will be published on the Murujuga Rock Art Strategy document collection.
Conceptual models of the rock art system have been developed to share the current understanding of the system and interactions that are likely to be occurring. These models inform the development of the monitoring studies plans and the development of an Environmental Quality Management Framework (EQMF).
|Year||Monitoring Program key stages|
Stakeholder Reference GroupShow more
The Murujuga Rock Art Stakeholder Reference Group was established by the Minister for Environment, Hon. Stephen Dawson MLC, in September 2018 to facilitate engagement between MAC and key government, industry and community representatives on the development and implementation of the strategy. View the terms of reference for the reference group
The department will ensure stakeholders have opportunities to provide input through targeted consultation as required. The department will consult key stakeholders in the development and implementation of the strategy and as part of the five-year review process, or any other review carried out more frequently.
The Stakeholder Reference Group is chaired by Dr Ron Edwards and meets on a biannual basis. Click here to view the summary of the latest meeting, held in October 2020, or visit the document collection to view summaries of previous meetings and community forums.
To contact the Reference Group, email email@example.com
|Dr Ron Edwards||Independent Chair|
|Mr Peter Jeffries||Murujuga Aboriginal Corporation|
|Ms Sarah McEvoy||Department of Water and Environmental Regulation|
|Mr Clint Hammond||Department of Jobs, Tourism, Science and Innovation|
|Mr Jeremy Elliott||Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage|
|TBC||Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions|
|Mr Robert Brock||Pilbara Ports Authority|
|Mr Terry Hill||Pilbara Development Commission|
|Ms Anneliese Carson||Western Australian Museum|
|Cr Peter Long||City of Karratha|
|Mr James Barker||Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment|
|Mr Luke Blackbourn||Yara Pilbara|
|Mr Chris Dark||Rio Tinto Iron Ore|
|Ms Sharon Reynolds||Woodside Energy Ltd|
|Professor Jo McDonald||Centre for Rock Art Research and Management, University of Western Australia|
|Dr John Black||John L Black Consulting|
Previous MonitoringShow more
Over the past 15 years there have been many scientific studies conducted and reports produced regarding the potential for industrial emissions to impact on Murujuga’s rock art. The previous monitoring, undertaken by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) between 2004 and 2016, focused on the colour change and spectral mineralogy of the rock art on Murujuga.
Independent reviews commissioned by the Western Australian Government have recognised that improvements can be made to ensure that monitoring programs and other studies provide robust, reliable results to inform management. This advice has been carefully considered in the development of the Murujuga Rock Art Monitoring Program.
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The Murujuga Aboriginal Corporation and the Western Australian Government welcome stakeholder involvement in the Murujuga Rock Art Strategy.